I’m going to tell you about some of the essential things you need if you go on a day hike. The first essential thing you should always carry on a day hike is a map and a compass.

A map is going to tell you where to go, it shoes you the trails that you’re on, it can give you distance, and a compass will help you orient yourself if you get lost. This is a first-aid kit It’s a basic first-aid kit, and this is essential in case you get hurt while you’re out day-hiking. Something very important to have on the trail is extra food. You never know when you’re going to need a snack, or you might be out for longer than you think.

Another thing you really need for a day hike is at least 2 liters of water. You’re also going to want to carry two trash bags on your hike. Trash bags can serve as an emergency shelter, and they’re wonderful pack liners. You’ll also want to have matches or a lighter in a waterproof bag. You’ll also want to bring a multi-tool or pen knife on your day hike.

This can be useful if you need to cut ropes or other things in an emergency situation, or for making a peanut butter and jelly sandwich. You’ll also want to carry sun screen on your day hike If you get burned, it’s going to make your experience a lot less pleasant. You can also bring lip balm or something similar to protect your lips. Two other things you’re going to want in your day pack are a whistle and a light source.

A whistle will help you to be heard if you get in trouble, and you can blow it for longer, and it will be louder than your voice. A light source will help you see in case you get caught out in the woods after dark. You’ll also want to bring a rain layer and extra warm layers for when you’re out in the woods—you never know when the weather might change and you want to be prepared.

Some other tips for preparing for changing trail conditions. Before you hit the trail, you should check the weather conditions, make sure you have all the essentials in your pack, and leave a plan for someone at home.

The plan should include the route you’re going to follow, an estimated time that you’ll be back, and a time for them to alert authorities if you do not return In cold weather, or when going up in elevation you want to be prepared for encountering ice on the trail. It’s important to bring along some sort of traction device. When you’re putting on your traction device, be sure to sit on a pad so you can insulate yourself from the cold ground. You can also use your pack if you don’t have a pad.

It’s important to dress in layers made of non-cotton materials. Start with a base layer like poly-pro, then you want an insulating layer like fleece, wool, or down. Finally, finish with a layer that’s going to protect you from both rain and wind. It’s important to take plenty of breaks in the winter because you want to keep well-fed and well-hydrated, which will both keep you warmer. When you slow down or take a break, make sure you put on another layer so you stay warm.

Also, when you’re hiking, make sure you pace yourself. You want to avoid sweating because when you sweat, you’re going to get colder. Be sure to keep an eye on your watch and turn around to make it back to the trailhead with enough time before it gets dark. Remember, in late fall and early winter the days are much shorter.